ISSN 2231-6876
Wed, 22 Nov 2017

PHYTOCHEMICAL STUDIES ON SEED AND LEAF EXTRACTS OF SOLANUM TORVUM SW

Nayeema Khatoon*, Paras Jain & A.K.Choudhary

Laboratory of Plant Physiology and Biotechnology,University Department of Botany, Ranchi University,Ranchi-834008, Jharkhand, India.


Abstract

The identification of primary and secondary phytochemicals has become the most important tool to know the active principles of various medicinal plants. The present work was aimed at identification and evaluation of phytochemical constituents of leaves and seeds of Solanum torvum Sw., used in folk and traditional medicine for treatment of various diseases like asthma, diabetes, gastro intestinal diseases etc. The two different aqueous and organic (Ethanol and Methanol) extracts of the leaves and seeds were used for identification of phytochemical constituents. The analysis revealed the presence of phytochemicals like alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, steroids, tennins, terpenoids and phenolic compounds. The GCMS analysis depicted presence of 31 phytochemical constituents in seed, whereas 28 compounds in leaf extracts of Solanum torvum Sw. The major compounds present are Quinic Acid, Linoleic Acid, Palmitic Acid, Isopseudocumenol and Phytol, which are of anti-microbial, anti-cancer, cancer preventive, diuretic, anti-inflammatory, anti-influenza / anti-swine flu value. The present work gives scientific support to ethnobotanical uses of the plant and provides a novel broad spectrum protocol for further research and investigation.


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