SERUM MAGNESIUM LEVELS IN TYPE-1 AND TYPE-2 DIABETES
Ali Raza Memon1, Muhammad Yousuf Memon1 Faiza Memon1
1 Department of Biochemistry, Liaquat University of Medical & Health Sciences (LUMHS) Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan
Magnesium deficiency has been proposed as a novel factor implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic complications. Hypomagnesaemia can be both a consequence and a cause of diabetic complications. The aim of our study was to know the relationship between magnesium levels in type-1 and type-2 diabetes as compared to the control subjects One hundred cases from which 50 cases of type-1 and 50 cases of type-2 diabetes mellitus were taken for the study after satisfying the inclusion and exclusion criteria and 50 non diabetic patients were taken as controls. All the patients were evaluated in detail and serum magnesium levels were estimated using Atomic Absorption spectrophotometer. The mean serum Magnesium levels were decreased in both type of diabetes as compared to the control subjects. There was significant reduction in serum magnesium levels in type-1 and type- 2 diabetics compared to the controls. So hypomagnesaemia and uncontrolled glycemic index one of the risk factor for development of retinopathy.